If I remember correctly, hurricanes are named in alphabetical order, so the first storm of the year will be given a name that begins with ‘A’, the second with ‘B’, and so forth. I think they also alternate male/female, and then flip (so one year the first named storm will have a female name, the next year the first will have a male name, and so on).
There’s a pool of names, and particularly destructive storms are ‘retired’ from the pool. So there won’t be another Hurricane Katrina, for example.
Cyclones are named according to a similar scheme, but the sequence is separate. So, for example, if you’d had three hurricanes and then a cyclone came along, the cyclone would be named ‘A______’ rather than ‘D_______’.
Names were originally female only, but now they alternate between male and female names.
“They used to only name hurricanes after women, but then they realized that was sexist ... After all, men can be just as powerful and awe-inspiring as women.” [Dog, “Footrot Flats”]